The importance of early detection and correct treatment of kidney stones in children

this kidney stonesKidney stones, also called nephrolithiasis, is a disease characterized by the formation of stones in the kidneys that affects both adults and children.

The onset of this disease in early childhood is a challenge for professionals and families because it can have a significant impact on a young child’s health and well-being.

In recent years, there has been a Significant increase in childhood stone disease cases, which has serious consequences for the health and well-being of the pediatric population. According to reports from Western countries, although the number of kidney stone cases is lower than that of adults, the incidence rate in children increases by up to 4% per year. 14 to 120 cases per 100,000 inhabitants.

In kidney stones, solid deposits form in the kidneys that vary in size, location, and composition. These urinary tract stones can cause discomfort or pain during urination, bleeding, promote urinary tract infections, and even block the normal flow of urine, causing long-term kidney damage. Symptoms vary with each patient and their age, and some patients may go unnoticed while others may be admitted to the hospital.

In infants and children younger than 3 years of age, the presence of urinary tract stones may cause nonspecific symptoms such as fussiness, crying, dark urine, gastrointestinal distress, or fever. “The presence of predisposing factors is a key factor because if not corrected, the risk of recurrence is greater,” said Dr. Laura Burgos, a urologist at ROC Clinic and a specialist in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of pediatric urological pathology. “This predisposing factor makes Its prevention is particularly important.

What factors contribute to the increase in stone disease in children?

The tendency of stones to form depends on Metabolic, anatomical, genetic, and infectious factors. Patients with urinary tract abnormalities, recurrent infections, or metabolic changes should be closely monitored and monitored by a specialist to reduce the risk of stone disease.

But there are other external factors that can affect the appearance of stones and can be acted upon, of which diet and adequate hydration are crucial.he Excessive consumption of foods rich in sodium, added sugar, and saturated fatThis, coupled with insufficient fruit and vegetable intake, increases the chances of kidney stone formation. also, Sedentary lifestyle and lack of physical activity They also play a crucial role in the development of stone disease.

Modern lifestyles are characterized by long periods of sitting in front of screens and reduced outdoor physical activity, leading to reduced mobility and increased childhood obesity. These factors directly contribute to the increased incidence of kidney stones in children.

From ROC Clinic, they want Educate parents, because this public health issue must be comprehensively addressed.Education and awareness of parents, caregivers and health professionals about the risks associated with stone disease in children should focus on The importance of a balanced diet and adequate hydration. It is important to implement policies that promote regular physical activity, thereby reducing children’s sedentary time.

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