“Vaginal itching is a major problem in summer,” by Dr. Isabel Ramírez

Isabel Ramirez Polo

Vaginitis refers to inflammation of the vagina. This is a problem that can affect women of all ages. and this is more common In the summer.

Vaginitis is very common, with 75% of women experiencing at least one vaginitis in their lifetime and 50% of women experiencing more than one.

Anatomy of the Vagina It is the duct that runs from the uterus to the vulva, about 10 cm long, and forms an angle of about 70° with the horizontal.

The function of the vagina is limited. Classical literature shows that it is a copulatory organ with the function of allowing the passage of the fetus during childbirth and conducting menstrual blood and fluid abroad.

vaginal itching

However, despite its limited capabilities, the presence of organic issues will have an impact. important influence women’s quality of lifeare fundamentally related to the changes they may cause sexual desire.

vaginal cavity It is functionally an ecosystem. A space where living elements coexist called the vaginal flora. vaginal flora, yes naturally living microbiota into the vagina without damaging it.

The flora is a group of bacteria, intrinsically rich In Lactobacillus, The function of the bacteria is protective as they produce substances that make the pH of the vagina acidic, thereby inhibiting the proliferation of harmful microorganisms.

What happens when vaginal flora is out of balance?

There are many conditions that change the vaginal flora: menstruation, antibiotic treatment, aggressive vaginal hygiene, use of pads, sweating, heat, menopause, very tight or wet clothing in contact with the skin for prolonged periods of time. and hormonal imbalances.

Due to one or several triggering conditions, the flora becomes unbalanced and pathogenic bacteria such as Gardnerella vaginalis or Candida may develop. cause bacterial vaginosis and yeast vaginosis What are the most common vaginitis?. sexual approach This is the main entrance door, In addition, going to the swimming pool or beach can also promote infection.

How to recognize vaginitis?

symptom, The most common bacterial vaginosis is: increased discharge, Sometimes accompanied by a special “fishy smell”, vaginal itching, local redness. 50-75% of cases may be asymptomatic.

The most common symptoms of fungal vaginitis are: vaginal itching, sticky white discharge (such as cut yogurt) and localized redness. 20% of cases are asymptomatic.

Diagnosis is based on symptoms, fresh cultures, or vaginal exudate cultures.

How is vaginitis treated?

Bacterial Vaginosis: Treatment is used to address symptoms. Treatment should only be given if symptoms are present and should always be given if the woman becomes pregnant.

Fungal vaginitis: Treat with antifungal drugs, a combination of oral and vaginal routes. or vagina It depends on whether it is vulvovaginal candidiasis Complex or not.

To complete the treatment, it seems appropriate to suggest the use of prebiotic products. Vaginitis contains lactic acid bacteria that restore vaginal balance and help prevent recurrence.

Preventive measures for vaginal itching:

Wash with water and a little soap, which is neutral and respects the pH of the plant.Avoid using pads and Tight-fitting Lycra clothing, it is best to wear cotton underwear, do not get wet for a long time in summer, and must be washed backwards after urinating to avoid dragging germs from the anus to the vagina.at last Eat a healthy, balanced diet and reduce your carbohydrate intake.


  • The vaginal canal is the tube that leads from the vulva to the uterus. Its main functions are: sexual activity, allowing fetal passage and menstrual flow.
  • It has its own flora, mainly composed of lactic acid bacteria, which protects it from pathogenic bacteria.
  • Vaginitis occurs when this flora is out of balance for different reasons.
  • When we recognize its symptoms, which are usually: different flow, itching and redness, we have to go to a professional to diagnose us and recommend a treatment to heal us and help us restore our balance.
  • To prevent vaginitis, there are some preventative steps we can take.

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