What is Nipah virus, symptoms and how it is spread

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The virus is Nipah It is a highly contagious zoonotic pathogen (can be transmitted from animals to humans) belonging to the Paramyxoviridae family and India is wary of it. Below we explain why. Symptoms and how they are spread.

This virus mainly exists in fruit batbut it can also be transmitted to pigs and humans.

It was first recognized in malaysia and singaporer during the 1998 outbreak and has since caused sporadic outbreaks in South and East Asia.

Currently, after two people were announced to have died from the virus, Indiathe country’s authorities have taken measures to curb the spread of this new epidemic.

India issues alert over disease/Photo: Pixabay

What are the symptoms of Nipah virus?

Understanding its route of infection and precautions to mitigate its spread is critical because it can produce the following symptoms:

  • fever
  • Headache
  • encephalitis
  • Muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Vomit
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • In severe cases, confusion may occur
  • epileptic seizure
  • pneumonia
  • Myalgia
  • Vomit
  • sore throat

symptom nipah virus They usually appear 4 to 14 days after exposure to the virus.

One of the symptoms is headache/Photo: Freepik

Nipah virus: How is it spread?

As we’ve already mentioned, it can be transmitted from animals to humans through contact with the saliva, feces, or urine of infected animals.

According to the World Health Organization, fruit bats in the family Pteropodidae, particularly species of the genus Pteranodon, are natural hosts for Nipah virus, but Nipah virus apparently does not cause disease.

Infectious forms:

  • of animals vs humans: Direct contact with infected bats, such as handling or eating them. Contact with infected pigs, such as handling them or eating their meat.
  • between people: Close contact with respiratory secretions of an infected person, such as coughing or sneezing.

Currently, there is no vaccine nipah virusnor a specific treatment, although it is a priority for WHO’s research and development program; however, you already know a lot more about this virus. Symptoms and how they are spread.

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