Asthma is a chronic disease that can occur at any age and is characterized by inflammation, a disease of the airways that move air in and out of the lungs, making natural breathing difficult.
There are different types of asthma, the most common of which is allergic asthma.
The Link Between Asthma and Allergies
Allergies and asthma often co-occur.
Even people with a genetic predisposition to skin or food allergies are more likely to have allergic asthma.
An allergic reaction occurs when the immune system recognizes a foreign object as an invader.
To protect the body from substances it deems harmful, the body responds by causing the signs and symptoms of an allergy, such as nasal congestion, runny nose, puffy eyes, or skin reactions.
For some people, the same reaction can affect the lungs and airways, leading to asthma symptoms.
In the case of allergic asthma, environmental exposure to mould, humidity, mites, dust, tobacco smoke, etc. has been associated with the development of respiratory symptoms.
Eight out of ten people with allergic asthma may develop another allergic condition such as eczema, hives, atopic dermatitis, nasal polyps, allergic rhinitis, or food allergy.
For example, rhinitis affects most asthmatic patients, 75% of whom are allergic asthmatics, with a prevalence between 15% and 40%.
The severity of rhinitis is directly related to the severity of asthma.
Likewise, the coexistence of rhinitis with other allergic conditions such as conjunctivitis and asthma is increasingly common.
Likewise, rhinitis has been associated with food allergies and atopic dermatitis.
What to do in the face of suspected allergic asthma?
First, it is important to see a specialist to obtain a formal diagnosis of asthma when respiratory symptoms develop.
Asthma has multiple subtypes and disease manifestations, each requiring a specific clinical approach.
In many cases, the disease is underdiagnosed in part because it shares symptoms with other common respiratory diseases.
To make matters worse, patients normalize their symptoms, which they often ignore and do not seek medical attention.
GSK advises Colombians experiencing respiratory symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing to see a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.
here are some tips
Make sure your space is free of dust, mites and pets.
Avoid smoking and exposure to fumes.
Reduce outdoor activities during periods of high pollution.
Visit a nutritionist for advice on proper nutrition.
Reduce the use of harsh chemicals or overly scented products in your home.
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