Postpartum depression is one of the most common medical complications during and after pregnancy. It is thought to affect about one in eight women who give birth.
The disorder, which can start during pregnancy and persist for several months postpartum, is usually treated with talk therapy and medication, mainly Antidepressants.
However, existing antidepressants, mainly so-called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), can take weeks or even months to take effect in patients.
So far, the only specific treatments for postpartum depression are intravenous injection.
but now just passed The first specific oral drug for the disease, called zuranolone.
Clinical trials have shown that the drug can help significantly reduce disease symptoms within days.
According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), zuranolone approved as a drug Take it once daily for two weeks, then stop.
The drug is expected to be available later this year, although its price is unknown, as announced by its makers, Sage Therapeutics and Biogen.
grief and loss of energy
As with other forms of depression, symptoms of postpartum depression may include Sadness, loss of energy, thoughts of suicide, decreased ability to feel happy, or cognitive impairment.
“Postpartum depression is a serious and life-threatening disorder in which women experience feelings of sadness, guilt, worthlessness and, in severe cases, thoughts of harming themselves or their children,” said Tiffany Farchione, director of psychiatry in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation. ” and research.
“As postpartum depression can disrupt the mother-infant relationship, it can also have an impact on the child’s physical and emotional development.”
She added that access to the oral medication would be beneficial for many women “coping with extreme and sometimes life-threatening feelings”.
According to the FDA, clinical trials of the drug show that the pill helps Significant reduction in depressive symptoms within three days.
And the effect was maintained up to four weeks after the last dose.
Zuranolone belongs to a class of drugs that act on the brain called neuroactive steroids.
Unlike most antidepressants on the market today, they work by increasing the activity of neurotransmitters that affect mood and mood, zuranolone acts on receptors in the brainGABA-A is thought to play a role in depression.
The most common side effects of zuranolone may include drowsiness, dizziness, diarrhea, fatigue, common cold and urinary tract infections, the FDA noted.
The drug’s label will carry a warning that it may affect a person’s ability to drive and perform other potentially dangerous activities, the agency said.
and advise patients Do not drive or operate heavy machinery At least 12 hours after taking.
Sage Therapeutics and Biogen are also seeking approval for zuranolone to treat major depressive disorder (clinical depression).
However, the FDA said the drug provided no substantial evidence of effectiveness and said one or more additional studies were needed.
Still, as a treatment for postpartum depression, zulanorolone joins a crowded market of antidepressants.
Although they will face a lot of competition, their makers believe the drug will be an attractive option primarily for patients who do not respond to current treatments.
According to experts Symptoms do not improve in about one-third of people who try antidepressant treatment.
“The sooner we can intervene and help patients achieve remission and remission, the better the long-term outcomes for patients,” said Chris Bennechi, business director for Sage Therapeutics.
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